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Federal Pell Grant 

The Federal Pell Grant Program provides need-based grants to low-income undergraduate and certain students get a degree of bachelor conferred by universities and colleges to promote access to secondary education. 

Students may use their grants at any one of the 5,400 participating secondary institutions. Grant amounts are dependent on: the student's EFC (expected family contribution); the cost of attendance which is determined by the institution; the student's enrollment status 

Wether it be full time part or time; and whether the student attends for a full academic year or less. Students may not receive Federal Pell Grant funds from more than one school at a time. Financial need is determined by the Department of Education using a formula, established by Congress, to evaluate the financial information reported on the FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) and to determine the family EFC. 

The fundamental elements in this formula are the student's income (and assets if the student is independent), the parents' income and assets (if the student is dependent), the family's household size, and the number of family members (excluding parents) attending postsecondary institutions. 

The EFC is the sum of: (1) a percentage of net income (remaining income after subtracting allowances for basic living expenses and taxes) and (2) a percentage of net assets (assets remaining after subtracting an asset protection allowance). Different assessment rates and allowances are used for dependent students, independent students without dependents, and independent students with dependents. After filing a FAFSA, the student receives a SAR (Student Aid Report) or the institution receives an (Institutional Student Information Record) (ISIR), which notifies the student if he or she is eligible for a Federal Pell Grant and provides the student's expected family contribution (EFC).


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